The predecessor of Slow Food, Arcigola, began in Bra, Italy, the hometown of founder Carlo Petrini, who was horrified at seeing McDonalds in the historic centre of Rome. Slow Food International was founded in Paris in 1989. The name is an ironic way of saying no to fast food and means living an unhurried life, beginning at the table. Slow Food believes food, and food production, should be good, clean and fair.
The Taste Festival is held on the Hobart Waterfront. It begins after Christmas and runs through until after New Year, with the River Derwent and Hobart’s historic wharves and Salamanca precinct providing the backdrop. The festival coincides with the Sydney to Melbourne yacht race and includes wine, beer and food stalls, tours, entertainment and tasting tables.
The new licensing laws allowed cafés to serve a glass of wine, a coffee or a complete meal. Caffè e Cucina, founded with the intention of re-creating the cafés of ‘Milano, Bologna, Firenze & Roma’ showed how it should be done. And the Italian-speaking waiters were very, very cute.
According to Mode Australia, a now defunct magazine published by Australian Consolidated Press, French fries, fresh crab cakes and mesculun (sic) salads were very ‘hot’ at the end of the ’80s. On the other hand, crocodile steaks, doner kebabs and char-grilled anything were ‘cold’. More
The sous vide (literally, under vacuum) technique involves cooking food vacuum-sealed in plastic at low temperatures. A precursor was Fernand Point’s chicken and truffle sealed in a pig’s bladder, at La Pyramide in France after WWI. The technique was developed in the early ’70s to cook foie gras and was adopted by Tetsuya Wakuda for his confit of ocean trout. He installed sous vide equipment in his restaurant at Rozelle in 1989.
The Heart Foundation’s Pick the Tick food approval program was designed to help Australian shoppers make healthier food choices. Companies pay to have the Heart Foundation Tick endorsement on their products. The program has helped to lift awareness of healthy foods in Australian supermarkets and stores, although some of the endorsements have proved controversial.
One of the few Australian restaurants ever to make it into the top ten of Restaurant magazine’s best restaurants in the world, Tetsuya’s started in a tiny building in Sydney’s Rozelle. Moving to the city in 2000, Tetsuya’s was the Good Food Guide’s Restaurant of the Year in 2007. The fixed price degustation menu combines Australian, Japanese and classic French influences. The Tasmanian Ocean Trout is one of the signature dishes. More
Terry Durack’s essentials for a civilised weekend out of reach of a gourmet food store: olive oil and balsamic vinegar, walnut oil, sun-dried tomatoes, chèvre, King Island crème fraiche, Parmigiano, limes, basil, lemon grass, chillis, ginger, garlic, anchovies and Maldon Sea Salt.
In the TV series, The Bush Tucker Man, first screened in 1988, Army major Les Hiddins cruised around northern Australia discovering the kakadu plum and waxing lyrical about lemon myrtle, pepper leaf, wattleseed, bush tomatoes and quandongs. ‘Bush tucker’ became a talking point for the first time.
Founded by Fred de Luca in Connecticut in 1965, the Subway chain of sandwich shops was soon an expanding franchise operation. The first franchise in Australia opened in Perth in 1988. Australia is the brand’s largest market outside North America. As of 2011, Subway had about 430 more outlets Australia-wide than McDonald’s, but only about 2% of take-away market share vs Macca’s 19.5%. (IBIS World research)
The Niewenhuysen Review was a licensing system review commissioned by the Victorian government. It was let by an economist and had broad terms of reference with a focus on deregulation. The new Liquor Control Act 1987 implemented most of the review’s recommendations, relaxing trading hours and removing many restrictions on licensees. The Act was intended to introduce a European-style drinking culture to Victoria and allowed alcohol to be served without food in Victorian restaurants and cafés.
Commercial scallop fishing in Tasmania began in the Derwent River estuary in the 1900s, extending to the d’Entrecasteaux Channel and other east coast areas. By the late 1980s, the beds were so depleted that the fishery was closed for eight years. The Tasmanian scallop fishery is now opened on a seasonal basis and licenses are only issued to those with prior involvment in the industry.
The ‘80s ‘greed is good’ philosophy came to an abrupt end when the stock markets crashed on Black Monday, 19 October. Many blamed computer trading for the severity of the crash. In Australia the ridiculous lending of the recently deregulated banks had created a property frenzy and surging demand. The crash led to the ‘recession we had to have’ in the early ‘90s and hit top-end restaurants hard.
In 1987, the trading hours for retailers in Victoria were extended to include Saturday afternoon trading, a move that changed the whole shopping experience. However, it was almost another decade until Sunday trading was introduced. Other states took different approaches to extended retail trading hours, with Western Australia remaining the most restrictive.
Jean Jacques Lale-Demoz had arrived in Melbourne in 1979 and opened a seafood restaurant in North Melbourne, which was soon awarded three hats in The Age Good Food Guide. He then converted an under-used bathing pavilion at St Kilda for fine dining. Jean Jaques by the Sea offered a classically French approach to seafood and an outlook over the Bay.
After the refinement of Fleurie and Champagne Charlie’s, Iain Hewitson went casual with his Last Aussie Fishcaf in South Melbourne, transplanting 1950s US culture into Melbourne, complete with jukebox, rock and roll dancers and the infamous limbo competition. The Caf was part of a move towards seafood in the dining scene.
Social researcher Hugh Mackay turned his attention to food. His 1987 Mackay Report, Food and Social Change, available in the National Library of Australia, categorised major responses to what he called the ‘Age of Anxiety’: Adaptors ( Experimenters, Fast Eaters or Faddists) and Regressors (True Conservatives, Neo-Conservatives and Self-Indulgers / Compensators). He also noted the ubiquity of Caesar Salad.
Australian wine critic, vigneron and wine judge James Halliday began writing about wine in 1979. In 1986, he produced his first annual guide to Australian wines. Since 2000, this has been called the James Halliday Australian Wine Companion. The book and the associated website cover nearly 3000 wineries, with more than 70,000 wine reviews. Halliday has won numerous awards and was made a Member of the Order of Australia in 2010.
Peters and Pauls were brands of QUF (formerly Queensland United Foods). The range of icecream products included : Drumstick, Monaco Bar, Skona, Choc Wedge, Crazy Critters, Billabong, Split, Garfield Hunger-Buster, Hava Heart, Nutty Pop, Eskimo Pie, Wild, Choco Malt, Jelly Tip, Two-in-One, Patch, Twister, Dixie, Icy Pole, Popsicle, Frosty Fruits and Barney Banana. It was the widest range on the market.
Alan Attwood, the Cheap Eats Guide‘s inaugural editor, writes: ‘Ah, 1986. What a year. Bob Hawke was prime minister of Australia, Allan Border (“Captain Grumpy”) led the Australian cricket team and the likes of Whitney Houston, Madonna and Robert Palmer ruled on radio… Concluding the introduction to the 1986 guide, I wrote: “This may well be a collector’s item — it may not be long before the $12.50 limit is remembered with fond nostalgia.” That $12.50 (for two sit-down courses) was our arbitrary target for “cheap”.’
Bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) was first identified as a major problem in 1986 and traced to the practice of feeding cattle on animal protein supplements, allowing infected animal products to be ingested. In the mid 1990s it was established that mad cow disease, in the form of Creutzfeldt-Jacob Disease, could be transmitted to humans who ate meat from infected animals. In 1996 British beef was subject to bans from many countries. The EU lifted the ban in 1999.
Margaret Fulton’s Asian cookbook the ‘Encyclopedia of Asian and Oriental Cookery’ encouraged families to pick up the chopsticks and try something new. Asian vegetables became mainstream, with Pak Choy and Bok Choy joining beans, cauliflower, zucchini and broccoli on the supermarket shelves. By 2011, one survey showed 66% of Australian children could use chopsticks.
The federal Fringe Benefits Tax (FBT) was introduced on 1 July 1986. FBT was payable on restaurant meals, which were considered a fringe benefit for employees. According to Restaurant and Catering Australia, this had an immediate and dramatic effect on business entertaining, particularly the business lunch, and had many restaurants struggling.
The term functional foods was first used in Japan to refer to foods with added ingredients that claim to provide a health benefit to consumers beyond the benefits provided by ordinary foods themselves. Such products have also been referred to as “nutraceuticals” or “designer foods.” The Japanese government instituted an approval system for functional foods in 1991.
By 1985, Safeway operated 126 supermarkets across Victoria, New South Wales, and Queensland. Woolworths bought out the the American interests in Safeway, which put their share of the grocery market above Coles and increased the dominance of the “big two” in the market. The Safeway brand continued to be used in Victoria until 2008 but is now being phased out.
The first documented appearance of Australia’s most popular coffee order was at Moors Espresso Bar in Sydney’s Chinatown in 1985. The proprietor, Alan Preston, hailed from North Queensland, where Italian café owners had long been offering white coffee in three variations – cappuccino, flat or Vienna. Preston coined the abbreviation “Flat White” when he opened Moors, his first café in Sydney. More
Glovers Community Garden was created on 600 square metres of north facing, sloping land when the Rozelle Community Centre obtained use of the patch from the local hospital. The hospital also funded the chainlink fence surrounding the garden and provided water. The hospital has gone but the garden persists.
Sydney Morning Herald writer, David Dale, nominated Sticky Date Pudding as the signature dish of 1984. The invention of the dish, known in the UK as Sticky Toffee Pudding, is generally attributed to Francis Coulson of the Sharrow Bay Country House Hotel in England’s Lake District in 1967, although this has been challenged by writers from Scotland and Yorkshire.
Retail trading hours were extended to allow all stores in New South Wales to trade on Saturday afternoons. This largely benefited the major stores and big supermarket chains, as small retailers were already deregulated. Progress towards deregulated retail trading hours has varied from state to state, with Western Australia remaining the most regulated.
The Old Ballarat Brewery in Victoria and the Sail and Anchor Pub Brewery in Western Australia were the first to challenge the dominance of the big brewers. The Sail and Anchor team then opened the Matilda Bay Brewing Company in 1985. Starting with its own pub in Freemantle, the company went on to produce the popular Redback wheat beer in 1987. It gained a national market. The boutique brewers were subsequently acquired by the Fosters Group.>>A Short History of Craft Beer
The first Good Food Guide, edited by Leo Schofield, went from The Abbey in Glebe to Zorba the Buddha in Darlinghurst, and included a vegetarian restaurant run by the Rajneeshis, or Orange People, where, so the Guide stated, “the staff are also very nice to children”. The only two restaurants to earn three hats were Berowra Waters Inn and Peter Doyle’s Reflections.
The first Symposium of Australian Gastronomy was held in Adelaide, convened by Michael Symons, Gay Bilson and Graham Pont. It was attended by Don Dunstan, Barbara Santich and other food luminaries. Sub-titled The Upstart Cuisine, the symposium took an academic approach to the topic, but is generally agreed to have done “nothing but good for Australian food and cooking” (Stephen Downes: Advanced Australian Fare).
Described by Iain Hewitson as “the last BYO in Melbourne”, Fleurie, in a Toorak side street, offered superb food, attentive staff and a great dining experience. The menu was fixed price, and the offerings were generous. My most memorable dish was Peach Melba – a perfectly poached white peach with intense raspberry coulis and house-made icecream. Simple but ambrosial.
Australia’s first hot chip vending machine was developed by the now-defunct Precision Fry Foods Pty Ltd. It operated in Robe, South Australia, with the brand name Mr French Fry. In December 2014 a Western Australian company announced its intention to roll out hot chip vending machines nationally. More
After running a military kitchen during his national service, Ferran Adrià was offered the role of chef de partie at el Bulli in Roses, Spain. Although he was only 22 when he joined el Bulli, he became head chef 18 months later. In 2006, the restaurant was named the best in the world. El Bulli is now closed.
The Australian Association of Food Professionals Inc (AAFP) is an association of food professionals who have expertise in diverse food-related areas such as journalism, production, marketing, public relations, food science, nutrition, education, recipe development, food styling and catering.
Prior to 1982, yoghurt was consumed mainly by recent immigrants and health fanatics. It was largely sold by health food stores and viewed as a bit weird. Yoplait Yogurt was the largest selling brand in France and was licensed in Australia by Plumrose. It was launched with a range of fruit flavours, using the line “It’s French for yogurt” and revolutionised the yoghurt market in Australia. More
The Good Living supplement first appeared in Sydney Morning Herald on Tuesday June 15, 1982. Leo Schofield wrote the cover story about dining options in public institutions. The founding editor was Jenny Tabakoff. Good Living originally extended beyond food with fashion and lifestyle articles.
The first edition of One Continuous Picnic: A History of Australian Eating propounded the idea that Australian cuisine developed from the need for portable food during early colonial days. With a PhD in the sociology of cuisine from Flinders University, Symons brought an academic approach to the subject of food in Australia. An updated edition was published in 2007.
Coles began to trial the scanning of barcodes at checkouts.
The first Donut King outlet opened in March 1981, in the Eastgate Shopping Centre in Bondi, Sydney. It was operated by the Papoulious family, selling primarily donuts and coffee. A new partner, Murray d’Almeida, joined the business two years later. He subsequently bought out the family and founded Retail Food Group which now manages the franchise operation in Australia and internationally. More
By the 1980s, tastes were changing. Kraft launched fetta cheese, a satay sauce range and olives, as well as a range of low fat products.
Even when it became legal to sell kangaroo meat in South Australia this local game was slow to find its way onto menus. In 1993-4, because of the constitutional freedom of trade between the Australian States, it became legal to sell kangaroo meat for human consumption throughout Australia. Many conservationists still oppose its use.
The Age already had a popular food section, which prompted the publication of the Guide. It was first edited by Claude Forell. There were just over 400 eating establishments mentioned in the first edition of The Age Good Food Guide, including pubs, wine bars, gourmet take-aways, cheap and cheerfuls and late-night cafés.
The first branded, fat-reduced milks arrive, along with low fat salad dressings and cholesterol-free mayonnaise. The Australian Nutrition Foundation developed the Healthy Eating Pyramid, which recommended lots of complex carbohydrates, so we could all eat pasta without feeling guilty.
Literally ‘drink tea’, yum cha became popular in Australia in the early 1980s, first taking hold in the Chinatown establishments in Sydney and Melbourne. The Cantonese tradition seems to have come to Australia via Hong Kong. For most Australians, it’s more about the food (choosing from many small dishes that are presented on a tray or trolley) than about the tea itself.
With the White Australia policy firmly in the past new Asian food choices emerged on the restaurant scene. The arrival of refugees from Vietnam saw Vietnamese restaurants opening in Melbourne, the first being the Kinh Do in Hartwell. Although the first teppanyaki restaurant in Australia opened in Melbourne in 1975, and Kuni’s in the city opened in 1977, it wasn’t until the mid ‘80s that Japanese food became mainstream. More