Anna PavlovaThe debate over the origins of Pavlova still rages. The dessert was inspired by Russian ballerina Anna Pavlova and both New Zealand and Australia claim to have invented it. However, new research has uncovered more than 150 similar, earlier recipes in Europe and America.  The Australian version, named Pavlova, was adapted from a New Zealand recipe by Herbert Sachse at the Esplanade Hotel in Perth in 1935.