Australian industry research group BIS Shrapnel reported a 34% decrease in the number of corner stores between 2010 and 2012. They attributed this to the rise in the number of petrol stations incorporating convenience stores with expanded food and beverage offerings. Many of these are owned by Coles or Woolworths. An estimated 2725 corner stores remained, with the average annual takings decreasing from $985,000 to $750,000 in the previous two years.
Australian Food News reported in 2012 that the numbers of traditional milk bar in Australia had significantly declined over the past 30 years from an estimated 6000 or more milk bars in the State of Victoria alone in the 1970s. During the 1980s the Victorian government approved Sunday trading for larger grocery stores. This flexibility in opening hours had previously been confined to milk bars and some convenience stores and the relaxation of trading hours had a negative effect on the milk bar businesses.
Milk bars also suffered from competition from the new format of the convenience store combined with a petrol stations. Many milk bars failed to adapt to changing technologies and had an over-reliance on tobacco produc – further factors in the decline of many corner stores. Law changes have reduced the consumption of tobacco but have also increased tobacco tax and selling restrictions.
The mobile phone was another technology that changed customer behaviour. Pre-paid phone cards disappeared – another instance where the old corner stores were caught unprepared for the changes.
It’s not all bad news, however. The article reports that, bucking the trend, some old milk bars and corner stores have become “gold mines” for those who have used their favourable, close-to-home location to sell deli-fresh foods and ready-to-eat cooked meals.
For a look at the history of neighbourhood shops and corner stores, see the New South Wales Department of Environment’s publication: Living History: How shops show their age.