Many of the well-known names in the South Australian wine industry established their first vineyards in the 1840s. John Reynell planted vines at Reynella in 1841, Dr Henry John Lindemann planted Cawarra in 1843, Penfold’s Magill vineyard was established in 1844 and the Barossa’s Jacob’s Creek vineyard was planted by Johann Gramp in 1847. >The Wine Industry of Australia 1788-1979
According to Mick Knappstein, the explorer John Horrocks planted the first vines at Penwortham in the Clare Valley in the early 1840s, at around the same time that Edward John Gleeson (the founder of Clare) also planted approximately 800 vines at Inchiquin. They were followed in the 1850s by the Jesuits of Sevenhill, who still make wine today in the oldest existing winery in South Australia.
The Barossa Valley settlement was founded by George Fife Angas, a wealthy English shipping merchant, who was active in promoting the new colony of South Australia. He financed three ships that brought Silesian Lutherans from Hamburg. They arrived in Bethany in 1842 and found the area suitable for fruit growing – particularly grapes. Over the following decades the wine industry developed in the area. Four of the 12 oldest wine brands in Australia are based in Barossa: Penfolds, Orlando, Seppeltsfield and Yalumba.