1780s

1789 Australia’s first free farmer

Although James Ruse was Australia's first free farmer, he began farming while still a convict. At the age of 23,… Read More

1788 Parramatta settled

Founded in 1788 as the colony's second settlement, Parramatta means "the place where the eels lie" in the Darug Aboriginal… Read More

1788 Government farm established

A priority for the first settlers was to cultivate the land and begin producing their own food. Within two months… Read More

1788 First apple trees in Tasmania

Early explorers did not hesitate to introduce familiar plants to the places they visited. In 1788, William Bligh anchored the… Read More

1788 First official banquet

The first official banquet in the new colony was held to celebrate the King’s birthday on 4 June. The occasion… Read More

1788 Farming on Norfolk Island

Norfolk Island was settled by a party under the command of Lieutenant King  just five weeks after the First Fleet… Read More

1788 First colonists on tight rations

The first colonists had a meagre diet. In the first year of  European settlement at Port Jackson, adults received a… Read More

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