1860s

1869 Floating distillery on the SS Walrus

In 1869, a 100ft sailing ship was converted to steam and the SS Walrus began to sail up and down… Read More

1869 Adelaide Central Market opens

Trading began at the Adelaide Central Market in 1869, although the official opening took place the following year. First known… Read More

1868 Granny Smith apple appears

The Granny Smith apple is named after Maria Smith, an orchardist in Ryde, Sydney. Maria discovered the apple growing on… Read More

1867 First Australian mineral water bottled

Although various mineral water springs were discovered in Australia through the 1820s and 1830s, it seems the first Australian mineral… Read More

1867 Queensland’s first Railway Refreshment Rooms

The first Railway Refreshment Rooms in Queensland were opened two years after the state's first railway. James Bassingwaite, licensee of the… Read More

1867 Royal banquet chaos in Melbourne

To celebrate the first royal visit to Australia, by Queen Victoria’s second son Prince Alfred, Duke of Edinburgh, a public… Read More

1867 Menzies Hotel opens in Melbourne

Menzies Hotel, on the corner of Bourke and William Streets, was the first of Melbourne's grand Victorian era hotels. For… Read More

1866 Keen’s Curry Powder wins prizes

You thought Keen's Curry Powder was invented by the Keen's Mustard people, right? Wrong. The curry powder is an all-Australian… Read More

1866-67 Intercolonial Exhibition of Australasia

The Great Exhibition at London’s Crystal Palace in 1851 stimulated half a century of ‘exhibition fever’.  Events like the Intercolonial… Read More

1865 First purpose-built Melbourne fish market

In 1865, a purpose-built Melbourne fish market was opened on the corner of Flinders and Swanston Streets - the site… Read More

1865 Best’s Great Western vineyards planted

In 1865, brothers Joseph and Henry Best established vineyards at Great Western in the Grampians region of Victoria.  The Bests… Read More

1865 The Goyder Line

The Goyder Line is a line of reliable rainfall in South Australia. It separates land suitable for crops from general… Read More

1864 Trout introduced to Australia

In the mid 1800s, a group led by James Arndell Youl made several unsuccessful attempts to import live trout and… Read More

1864  ‘Meeting of the whistles’

A railway line to Bendigo was constructed by the government-owned Victorian Railways Department and opened in 1862. In 1864, it… Read More

1864 Australia’s first cookbook

The English and Australian Cookery Book. Cookery for the Many, as Well as for the “Upper Ten Thousand”  (London, 1864),… Read More

1862 Coopers brewery established in Adelaide

Thomas Cooper’s first recorded brew was made from four bushels of English malt and eight pounds (3.6 kilograms) of Kent… Read More

1862 First viable sugar cane plantation

Although sugar had previously been refined in Australia from imported raw sugar, the move to local production began in 1862… Read More

1861 First Acclimatisation Society

The Victorian Acclimatisation Society was founded in 1861, largely through the efforts of Edward Wilson, editor of The Argus. Its… Read More

1861 Burke and Wills poisoned?

The Burke and Wills expedition to cross Australia to the Gulf of Carpentaria ended in tragedy when the explorers ran… Read More

1861 Mrs Beeton’s Book of Household Management

This English cook book was equally popular in the British colonies and became a household bible for many Australian households.… Read More

1861 Spiers and Pond cater for first Melbourne Cup

The first Melbourne Cup was run on Thursday 7 November 1861 and won by the Sydney horse Archer. The Argus… Read More

1861 George Peacock sells canned jams

Jam was among the first locally manufactured foods in Australia. George Peacock of Hobart was the first to produce jam… Read More

1860 First of the Land Acts

The Victorian Nicholson Act of 1860 was the first of several Acts passed in the 1860s with the intention of… Read More

1860 Tahbilk makes wine in Goulburn Valley

Tahbilk pioneered wine making in the Nagambie Lakes area of Victoria’s Goulburn Valley, with Rhône varietals such as Marsanne, Shiraz… Read More

1860 Camels landed in Melbourne

Twenty-five camels landed in Melbourne in 1860 to carry supplies for the ill-fated Burke and Wills expedition. Many more followed,… Read More

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