Victory gardens posterDuring WWII, a combination of labour shortages, drought and the difficulty in importing goods led to the threat of food shortages. The ‘Dig for Victory’ campaign was launched by Prime Minister John Curtin in January 1942, with Australians encouraged to grow their own vegetables in Victory Gardens and raise chooks (or as they were officially referred to, ‘fowls’). Gardening groups and collectives were formed, with money made from the sale of the excess produce often going to support the war effort.